Recent studies have thrown light on soil’s amazing capabilities of retaining carbon. Through various researches, two research papers suggest that soil, when managed well, has a higher capacity of retaining carbon dioxide than what had been anticipated before.
Papers published simultaneously in Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and SystematicsandtheGlobal Change Biology, suggest that soil may be the key to solving the global warming issue. The papers so published also are asking for more research in this matter. Plus, the paperback for reversal of federal cutbacks. More research could aid these findings.
According to Rob Jackson, author of the Annual Review paper, “Soil is a no risk climate solution.” He also co-authored the Global Change Biology paper. Jackson further stated that using soil in the right manner will also benefit other areas of our environment along with reducing global warming and emissions. Good soil will give quality products and build an impressive resistance against drought and floods.
The co-author of the Global Change Biology paper, Nave, said that the conserving soil and essential soil matter is important for the conservation of various soil ecosystems. Along with this, he also said that soil carbon is the essential organic matter in the soil. He is of the opinion that if soil carbon is chemically separated from the soil, then it may turn into one of the most effective ways of fixing the problem of global warming. Additionally, he stated that recent research has allowed them to gather numbers which can be put into datasets for results and some answers.
The main concern with this is the soil in the northern part of the Earth. Scientists and researchers are afraid that the soil which located in that region if thaws will release an undeniable amount of carbon in the atmosphere. The concern is how to manage the carbon if it is released.
The scientists are, however, positive that if the soil on earth is used properly, it will prove to be extremely useful in terms of controlling global warming. Scientists, at present, are finding out ways to get more research done. If the soil is managed properly, the capacity for carbon retention can go up.
The research also shows that more than 70% of the top layer depends upon the agriculture management, forest management or depends upon grazing of the animals. Additionally, the research also found that plant roots are more likely to form organic matter for the soil than the leaves of the plant.
Jackson states that retaining soil’s organic matter also helps in getting a better crop and aids in the purification of water. Although it is now possible for scientists to track and map out the environmental changes, they still do not understand the chemical and biological reactions. Both the papers suggest that more research is needed in this area to fully understand the implications of this phenomenon.